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Timor Loro Sa’e | Timor-Leste | East Timor


Country Profile

East Timor Flag
Flag of East TimorBackground:
The East Timorese, living in the eastern half of the island of Timor, which lies between Indonesia and Australia, occupy a land whose area is 14,874 km2.
The population in 1975, when the Portuguese left, was 680,000 – 97% Timorese (including mestizos), 2% Chinese, under 1% Portuguese. (The population today is about 800,000 – 78% Timorese, 2% Chinese, 20% Indonesian.
East Timor has a common boundary with West Timor, which is part of Indonesia, the former Dutch East Indies.
For centuries the East Timorese had been farmers, living in scattered hamlets and eating what they grew. Only a few coastal East Timorese were fishermen. Trading and shop keeping had for generations been in the hands of the Chinese.
East Timor is extremely mountainous, so the majority of East Timorese had always lived in isolation, far from towns and foreign influences, tied to their fields and animistic practices. In spite of centuries of Catholic missionary work by the Portuguese, in 1975 animists still numbered as much as 72 % of the population. The local Timorese kings still played an important part in their lives and allegiances, whilst interference from Portuguese administrators and military was almost non-existent. (Source: Timor Today)border countries: Indonesia
related countries: Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Portugal
where in Asia is Timor-Leste (East Timor)
Official Name:
Republika Demokratika Timor Loro Sa’e [Tetum]
Republica Democratica de Timor-Leste [Portuguese]
short form: Timor Loro Sa’e [Tetum]; Timor-Leste [Portuguese]
conventional long form: Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
conventional short form: East TimorISO Country Code: .tl (.tp is being phased out)Time:
Local Time = UTC +9h
Actual Time: Sat-Jan-8  14:46  

Country Calling Code: +670

Capital City: Dili

Other Cities: Baucau, Dare.

Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 28 November 1975 (from Portugal).
Restoration of independence: 20 May 2002. (from Indonesia)
Constitution: March 2002.

Location: Southeast Asia, on the southernmost edge of the Indonesian archipelago, northwest of Australia.
Area: 15 410 sq km (5,950 sq mi)
Terrain: Mountainous.
Highest point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963 m

Climate: Tropical; hot, semi-arid; rainy and dry seasons.

Nationality: Timorese.
Population: 924 642 (UN est.).
Religion: Catholic 96 %.
Languages: Portuguese, Tetum (official); English, Bahasa Indonesia (working languages).
Literacy: 41%.

Natural resources: Gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble.

Agriculture products: Coffee, rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas, vanilla.

Industries: Printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth.

Exports partners: Indonesia 100% (2005)
Exports – commodities: Coffee, sandalwood, marble; note – potential for oil and vanilla exports.

Currency: US dollar (USD)

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Timor-Leste and other.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window. 

Official Sites of Timor-Leste

Government of Timor-Leste
The official Timor-Leste government website.

Prime Minister and Cabinet, Timor-Leste Goverment
The Official Website.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

Permanent Mission of Timor-Leste to UN
Page shows just contact details for the Permanent Mission of Timor-Leste to the United Nations.
Timor-Leste’s Embassies
List of Embassies of Timor-Leste abroad.
Missions in Timor-Leste
List of foreign missions and international organisation in Timor-Leste.

The United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor


Map of East Timor
Relief map of Timor-Leste.
Google Earth Google Earth Timor-Leste
Zoomable satellite view of Timor-Leste.
Google Earth Google Earth Dili
Zoomable satellite view of Timor-Leste’s capital city.

to Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.


Suara Timor Lorosae
East Timor National Newspaper.

Info Timor
Informação económica e social sobre Timor Leste (in Portuguese).
East Timor news (in Portuguese).

RTTL Radio-Televisão Timor Leste

International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: East Timor
With links to Timor-Leste related news and background information.
East Timor Action Network/U.S. Homepage
Provides up-to-date news.
Reuters AlertNet – East Timor nation-building
Reuters news.
Yahoo Full Coverage: East Timor
Press agencies news on Timor-Leste

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Timor-Leste
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Timor-Leste
Background Briefings.

Press freedom
Reporters sans frontières – Timor-Leste
Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country.

Arts & Culture

Culture of Timor-Leste
Information about the cultural background of Timor-Leste.
Jose Ramos-Horta
Page of the 1996 Nobel Laureate, cited for his “work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor”.

Business & Economy

Banking and Payments Authority of Timor-Leste
BPA’s primary objective is the regulation of the monetary and financial system of the country.

Timor Invest
Timor-Leste Macau Office Website for investment.

Petroleum companies investing in Timor-Leste
The lead investing company developing the Bayu-Undan oil and gas field which lies wholly within the Timor Sea Treaty Area.
Woodside Australian Energy
The lead investing company which expects to develop the Greater Sunrise field.
A member of the Greater Sunrise partnership.
Osaka Gas
Member of the Greater Sunrise Partnership.

Destination Timor-Leste – Travel and Tour Guides

Discover East Timor: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Turismo Timor-Leste
Discover the World’s Newest Nation – the official tourism website of Timor-Leste.

Discover Dili
Discover East Timor.
The Unofficial Guide to East Timor
Comprehensive tourism guide to Timor-Leste.
Travel information source for East Timor.
Travel Guide: Timor – Leste
Travel and tourism information for East Timor.

Hotel Esplanada
Dili East Timor.
Hotel Timor
The reference hotel in Timor-Leste.

NEW  Hotels in Timor-Leste
Find a Hotel in East Timor.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

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Education International
Education International is monitoring the situation in Timor-Leste as the fledgling country plunged into chaos since the beginning of the unrest on 24 April. EI is concerned about the extent the unrest has affected teachers and children.

Issues TL

La’o Hamutuk
East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis.

East Timor & Indonesia Action Network (ETAN)
NGO, founded in November 1991 to support genuine self-determination and human rights for the people of East Timor, site with news and information on current events in Timor-Leste.

Regional Conflict Profile – East Timor
East Timor history, main players, ethnic breakdown and list of related web sites.

TAPOL, the Indonesia Human Rights Campaign
TAPOL; English language authority on the human rights situation in Indonesia and East Timor.


History of Timor-Leste
Brief History of Timor-Leste.
East Timor Revisited
Ford and Kissinger gave green light to Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor, background information by The National Security Archive.
The obscure history of East Timor
TimorNet offers you an inside look at East Timor in all it’s facets.

Recent History
The Age
Australia, Article: East Timor’s celebrates as a nation is born.
PBS’ Online NewsHour: East Timor Independence
PBS page about East Timors Independence.


W3C/TimorNet. An Information Service on East Timor
The World-Wide Web Virtual Library: East Timor.

Additional Information about Timor-Leste

The International Federation for East Timor – IFET
Open Directory: East Timor
Wikipedia: East Timor
CIA – The World Factbook — East Timor
UNICEF – At a glance: Timor-Leste
WHO | Timor-Leste