Timor Loro Sa’e | Timor-Leste | East Timor Country Profile Flag of East Timor Background: The East Timorese, living in the eastern half of the island of Timor, which lies between Indonesia and Australia, occupy a land whose area is 14,874 km2. The population in 1975, when the Portuguese left, was 680,000 – 97% Timorese (including mestizos), 2% Chinese, under 1% Portuguese. (The population today is about 800,000 – 78% Timorese, 2% Chinese, 20% Indonesian. East Timor has a common boundary with West Timor, which is part of Indonesia, the former Dutch East Indies. For centuries the East Timorese had been farmers, living in scattered hamlets and eating what they grew. Only a few coastal East Timorese were fishermen. Trading and shop keeping had for generations been in the hands of the Chinese. East Timor is extremely mountainous, so the majority of East Timorese had always lived in isolation, far from towns and foreign influences, tied to their fields and animistic practices. In spite of centuries of Catholic missionary work by the Portuguese, in 1975 animists still numbered as much as 72 % of the population. The local Timorese kings still played an important part in their lives and allegiances, whilst interference from Portuguese administrators and military was almost non-existent. (Source: Timor Today) border countries: Indonesia related countries: Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Portugal Official Name: Republika Demokratika Timor Loro Sa’e [Tetum] Republica Democratica de Timor-Leste [Portuguese] short form: Timor Loro Sa’e [Tetum]; Timor-Leste [Portuguese] conventional long form: Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste conventional short form: East Timor ISO Country Code: .tl (.tp is being phased out) Time: Local Time = UTC +9h Actual Time: Sat-Jan-8 14:46 Country Calling Code: +670 Capital City: Dili Other Cities: Baucau, Dare. Government: Type: Parliamentary democracy. Independence: 28 November 1975 (from Portugal). Restoration of independence: 20 May 2002. (from Indonesia) Constitution: March 2002. Geography: Location: Southeast Asia, on the southernmost edge of the Indonesian archipelago, northwest of Australia. Area: 15 410 sq km (5,950 sq mi) Terrain: Mountainous. Highest point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963 m Climate: Tropical; hot, semi-arid; rainy and dry seasons. People: Nationality: Timorese. Population: 924 642 (UN est.). Religion: Catholic 96 %. Languages: Portuguese, Tetum (official); English, Bahasa Indonesia (working languages). Literacy: 41%. Natural resources: Gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble. Agriculture products: Coffee, rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas, vanilla. Industries: Printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth. Exports partners: Indonesia 100% (2005) Exports – commodities: Coffee, sandalwood, marble; note – potential for oil and vanilla exports. Currency: US dollar (USD) Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Timor-Leste and other. Note: External links will open in a new browser window. Official Sites of Timor-Leste Government of Timor-Leste The official Timor-Leste government website. Prime Minister and Cabinet, Timor-Leste Goverment The Official Website. Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Permanent Mission of Timor-Leste to UN Page shows just contact details for the Permanent Mission of Timor-Leste to the United Nations. Timor-Leste’s Embassies List of Embassies of Timor-Leste abroad. Missions in Timor-Leste List of foreign missions and international organisation in Timor-Leste. UNTAET The United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor Maps Map of East Timor Relief map of Timor-Leste. Google Earth Timor-Leste Zoomable satellite view of Timor-Leste. Google Earth Dili Zoomable satellite view of Timor-Leste’s capital city. Map of Southeast Asia Map of the Southeast Asia region. Map of Asia Reference Map of Asia. News Suara Timor Lorosae East Timor National Newspaper. Info Timor Informação económica e social sobre Timor Leste (in Portuguese). Semanario East Timor news (in Portuguese). TV/Radio RTTL Radio-Televisão Timor Leste International News Sources BBC News Country Profile: East Timor With links to Timor-Leste related news and background information. East Timor Action Network/U.S. Homepage Provides up-to-date news. Reuters AlertNet – East Timor nation-building Reuters news. Yahoo Full Coverage: East Timor Press agencies news on Timor-Leste Human Rights Amnesty International: Timor-Leste Amnesty International Reports. Human Rights Watch: Timor-Leste Background Briefings. Press freedom Reporters sans frontières – Timor-Leste Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country. Arts & Culture Culture of Timor-Leste Information about the cultural background of Timor-Leste. Jose Ramos-Horta Page of the 1996 Nobel Laureate, cited for his “work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor”. Business & Economy Banking and Payments Authority of Timor-Leste BPA’s primary objective is the regulation of the monetary and financial system of the country. Timor Invest Timor-Leste Macau Office Website for investment. Petroleum companies investing in Timor-Leste ConocoPhillips The lead investing company developing the Bayu-Undan oil and gas field which lies wholly within the Timor Sea Treaty Area. Woodside Australian Energy The lead investing company which expects to develop the Greater Sunrise field. Shell A member of the Greater Sunrise partnership. Osaka Gas Member of the Greater Sunrise Partnership. Destination Timor-Leste – Travel and Tour Guides Discover East Timor: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more. Turismo Timor-Leste Discover the World’s Newest Nation – the official tourism website of Timor-Leste. Discover Dili Discover East Timor. The Unofficial Guide to East Timor Comprehensive tourism guide to Timor-Leste. goEastTimor.com Travel information source for East Timor. Travel Guide: Timor – Leste Travel and tourism information for East Timor. Hotel Hotel Esplanada Dili East Timor. Hotel Timor The reference hotel in Timor-Leste. Hotels NEW Hotels in Timor-Leste Find a Hotel in East Timor. Travel and Tour Consumer Information Education Education International Education International is monitoring the situation in Timor-Leste as the fledgling country plunged into chaos since the beginning of the unrest on 24 April. EI is concerned about the extent the unrest has affected teachers and children. Issues TL La’o Hamutuk East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis. East Timor & Indonesia Action Network (ETAN) NGO, founded in November 1991 to support genuine self-determination and human rights for the people of East Timor, site with news and information on current events in Timor-Leste. Regional Conflict Profile – East Timor East Timor history, main players, ethnic breakdown and list of related web sites. TAPOL, the Indonesia Human Rights Campaign TAPOL; English language authority on the human rights situation in Indonesia and East Timor. History History of Timor-Leste Brief History of Timor-Leste. East Timor Revisited Ford and Kissinger gave green light to Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor, background information by The National Security Archive. The obscure history of East Timor TimorNet offers you an inside look at East Timor in all it’s facets. Recent History The Age Australia, Article: East Timor’s celebrates as a nation is born. PBS’ Online NewsHour: East Timor Independence PBS page about East Timors Independence. Search W3C/TimorNet. An Information Service on East Timor The World-Wide Web Virtual Library: East Timor. Additional Information about Timor-Leste The International Federation for East Timor – IFET Open Directory: East Timor Wikipedia: East Timor CIA – The World Factbook — East Timor UNICEF – At a glance: Timor-Leste WHO | Timor-Leste